According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the General Assembly, all human beings are born equal and have undeniable rights and freedom and that every human being is entitled to his/her basic rights without any discrimination.
Freedom of expression, impartiality of justice, right to work, equal pay regardless of gender or religion, right to education and other civil and political rights can be categorized as human rights.
The governments all over the world are responsible for providing the basic amenities to their citizens. Job opportunities, food, education, access to justice, freedom of expression and right to select a government of their choice are some rights of the citizens. On the International front, human rights include respect, freedom to pursue ones religion, equality before the law etc.
While new resolutions are adopted on every Human Rights Day, Human Rights are being grossly violated throughout the world. People are being subjected to torture, humiliation and are being forced to leave their homes.
The once important United Nations has now become impotent as it is unable to stop these violations which ironically are carried out by its “important members”.
Many organizations, governmental and non-governmental, active in human rights field organize events on this day and so do many civil and social-cause organizations.
In South Africa, Human Rights Day is observed on 21st March it is in remembrance of the Sharpeville massacre which took place on 21st of March in 1960. When the ANC was elected as the government with Nelson Mandela, the day was declared a national holiday.