Pakistan is a land of diversity. It has a lot to offer to its tourists. If its northern areas are a mountaineer’s paradise then its province Sindh is every historian’s dream.
Apart from the world famous remains of Moen Jo Daro, Makli Hills Tombs and Chaukhandi Tombs, some other historical sites worth visiting are:
- Rani Kot Fort
The Rani Kot Fort is the oldest fort in the world. The mystery surrounding its origins has made it all the more intriguing. The total area of the fort is 29 km and from a distance its long walls look like the Great Wall of China. The fort has 4 gates and it is accessible from the Sunn gate which is always open.
There are three fortresses with in the premises of Rani kot fort. River Mohan passes through the fort which accounts for the green vegetation inside the fort. Situated 90 km from Hyderabad, in the district Dadu, it is accessible via jeep and camels.
- Kot Deji Fort
Sindh has some of the oldest historical sites in the world; Kot Deji Fort (1785-1795) is one of such places. It is located in Khairpur Pakistan. Dating back 3000 years it was constructed during the reign of Mir Sohrab Khan Talpur. Formally known as the Ahmadabad Fort, it was originally built for military purpose.
It is located on a 110 feet high limestone hill at the edge of the desert. With its location and style of construction it was considered invincible, however it was never attacked. During the times of peace, it was used as a residence by the Ameers of Khairpur. Within the formidable walls lie huge residential quarters, marble courtyards and long corridors with arched entrances.
- Old Mud Fort (Pucca Qila)
In 1768, Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhora the founder of Hyderabad city Sindh constructed the Pucca Qila (Mud Fort) when he made Hyderabad the capital of Sindh. Sadly this monument has been defaced by time and human cruelty.
A major portion of it was first destroyed by the British and later by encroachers. Only a single room of this magnificent fort remains today the seraglio (Harem) of the Kalhora Rulers. The beautiful frescos adorning the room and the stone carvings at the main entrance of the Fort give a glimpse of its past splendor.
- The Talpur Monuments
The tombs of the Talpur Rulers are situated in Hyderabad city. They are a fine piece of architecture with the blue glazed tiles and floral paintings adding to their beauty. These tombs are well maintained and visited by the tourists.
- The Kalhora Monuments
These are the tombs of the Kalhora Rulers situated in the heart of the Hyderabad city. These tombs are well preserved and frequented by the tourists for their beautiful architecture and the floral paintings decorating the walls.
- Faiz Mahal, Khairpur
Faiz Mahal is also situated in Khairpur. It was built by the Talpurs in 1798. This splendid palace is surrounded by vast gardens. Faiz Mahal is well maintained and has retained most of its grandeur.
- Mir Shahdad Jo Qubo
In Shahdadpur city district Sanghar Sindh lies the historic monument of Mir Shahdad Jo Qubo. It is actually the tomb of Mir Shahdad Talpur one of the finest military commanders of Sindh.
It is also the final resting place of many other members of the Talpur Family with Mir Shahdad Talpur and Mir Chakar Khan Talpur being the prominent personalities.
The mound of Amri was discovered by French archeologists in the 60s and is dated to be 4000 years old, older then Moen Jo Daro and Harappa. It is situated on the west bank of River Indus south of Dadu, Sindh province of Pakistan.
This historical site comprises of 160 settlements on 8 hectares some of which lie in Baluchistan. The pottery found from this place is one of its kinds and is called Amri Ware. No evidence of writings was found here. The excavations show signs of a huge fire which probably destroyed the town.