Allama Iqbal was born on 9th November, 1877 in Sialkot. His birth name was Muhammad Iqbal. This was during the time of British India when the nation had not been partitioned. The region of Sialkot now falls in Pakistan. He was a Muslim poet, philosopher, and a politician. He was adept in many languages such as Urdu, Persian and Arabic and became one of the greatest poets of the modern era. He propagated the idea of a separate state for Muslims which was to be the main basis for the creation of Pakistan.
Allama Iqbal completed his education in Germany and England and later on started his own law practice. But his primary interest lay in writing scholarly articles about a wide range of subjects which included politics, economics, history, religion and the like. His poems generally had the praise of the glories of Islamic civilization. Allama Iqbal’s poetry was mainly influenced by the works of Maulana Rumi. Allama Iqbal tried to spread out the niceties of the religion of Islam and projected its future. According to him, a pure and one-minded focus on the religion would lead to a greater understanding of life as well as of politics.
Allama Iqbal, who was one of the greatest poets belonging to the Indo Pak subcontinent, conceived the idea of an independent Muslim state, Pakistan. He wrote a huge miscellany of works mainly concerned with the revival of the religion of Islam. Among these, it is not easy to find out the most inspirational ones of the Allama Iqbal’s because of the fact that each comprises a study in itself which every student of poetic history should concentrate on with great precision. But relying on the popularity quotient, a list of the Allama Iqbal’s books would include “Baang-e-Dara”, which was published in 1924, “Baal-e-Jibreel”, in 1935, “Zarb-e-Kaleem”, in 1936, “Armughan-e-Hejaz”, in 1938, and, finally, the great masterpiece in English, “the Child and the Lamp”. Almost all of his books were renditions to the people of Pakistan, or, more importantly, meant for Muslims to understand the importance and quality of their religion. This was supposed to inspire them to greater heights and try and reclaim the rightful position of Islam in history. He is the National poet of Pakistan, although he died 9 years before the country came into being on 21st April, 1938. He composed many masterpieces still remembered with great fondness by the citizens of the nation in our time.