This is also called Pothohar Plateau and is located in the Province of Punjab and the western portion of Azad Kashmir. It is an undulated area between River Indus and Jehlum with Hazara hills on the north and Salt range on the south. The area is badly eroded.
The elevation ranges from 1000 to 2000 feet. The most important rivers of the area are the Soan and Harrow rivers. The Kala Chitta range rises to an average height of 450 to 900 meters and the highest mountain here is Sakesar.
The area has a history of Soanian culture which is related to the discovery of remains of the old archaeology, fossils, coins, and tools. Potawari language is spoken by the locals. River Jhelum is on the east and River Indus on the west of this plateau, Kala chitta range is on the north and Salt range is on the south.
The average height of Kala chitta range is about 450-900 metres or 3000 ft extending for almost 72 kilometres or 45 miles. The highest mountain of the area is Sakesar.
The river Swaan originates from Murree ending near Kalabagh in the River Indus. There is a diverse wildlife in the area including chinkara, hare, mongoose, porcupine, urial, yellow throated marten and wild boar etc. They all add to the attraction of the region. Low rain fall has and deforestation to an extensive level has decreased the beauty of the area.
There is also oil, gas and coal exploration projects going on in the valley. The under water area include the internationally famous Ramsar site called Jhallar and three beautiful lakes namely Ucchali, Khabeki and Kallar Kahar. They are tourist attraction points for many years.
The twin cities Rawalpindi and Islamabad sit on the Potowar Plateau. Rohtas Fort is located in Potawar which is another heritage site of UNESCO, which was built in 1541 by Sher Shah Suri.